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Teepee Burner in Lincoln receives 2019 Historic Preservation Award

Sitting among the trees along Highway 200 on the west side of Lincoln, Montana, the Delaney Sawmill TeePee Burner at the Blackfoot Pathways: Sculpture in the Wild has become a familiar piece of the landscape. It has also become the symbol of the future of a community that once relied on the logging and mining industries.

In summer 2019, the TeePee Burner received the Lewis and Clark County Heritage Tourism Council’s Historic Preservation Award, which recognizes historic preservation contributions in the City of Helena and Lewis and Clark County.

The Teepee Burner received the 2019 Lewis and Clark County Historic Preservation Award.

Originally used to burn scrap wood at the old Delaney & Sons Sawmill on the Landers Fork, it burned day and night, lighting up the sky. When the sawmill closed in 1971, the Teepee Burner was left on the landscape. Framed with iron and steel and skinned with sheet metal, it weighs in at 20,000 pounds, stands 90 feet tall and is 45 feet across.

While the fate of the Teepee Burner may have been to languish in place, that changed with a vision from Ireland’s Kevin O’Dwyer when he visited Lincoln in 2011. Having directed two sculpture symposia in his home country, his sculptures involve re-imagining industrial structures as artwork, with a strong emphasis on memory. He considers his installations to be memory pieces that function not only as works of art, but conduits, transferring memory and knowledge to future generations.

O’Dwyer gives a tour to Lt. Governor Mike Cooney before the 2019 BPSW fundraising banquet.

Following O’Dwyer’s vision and the creation of the sculpture park, the Teepee Burner was taken apart and moved to the site in September 2014. O’Dwyer proposed re-creating the orange glow of the Teepee Burner locals recounted to him using photovoltaic cells, sensors and LED lighting.

Interior features include black and white archival photographs of the area’s historic logging industry printed on steel plates.

Inside the Teepee Burner.

Several members of the community donated time and labor, while others donated funds. The Teepee Burner serves as a community-gathering place and performance space, as well as an art installation among others in BPSW.

O’Dwyer said of the award, “It’s wonderful to receive an award for this iconic piece of Montana’s industrial heritage! I’m especially delighted that Lewis and Clark Co. Heritage Tourism Council has acknowledged “re-purposing” of the TeePee Burner into an art installation, education facility and acoustic music venue, and a place for storytelling and sharing the history of the Delaney Saw Mill and the logging history of the Blackfoot Valley.”

Live in a Rural Improvement District? Here is what it means.

The Lewis and Clark County Public Works Department maintains approximately 550 miles of roads. County tax dollars pay for maintenance on high traffic roads or those that collect traffic from large areas. But as with many large, primarily rural Montana counties, there is not enough funding to maintain all public roads, many of which only benefit a few properties. One option for road and other public works improvements and maintenance is to create a Rural Improvement District (RID). An RID is a legal taxing authority that can raise funds in specific areas for specific improvements and on-going maintenance for those improvements.

RIDs are most often initiated by citizens in need of road upgrades, better road maintenance, or other services. The County prefers a citizen-led approach to ensure support, but also to allow residents to engage in and lead the effort. To begin the process, the County requires a petition, detailing the proposed district, supported by a minimum of 60% of the affected property owners. Once received, County staff develop a ‘Resolution of Intention to Create’ the RID. This resolution specifies the boundaries of the proposed RID, the services included, and the tax assessment for each benefitting property owner. Once passed by the Board of County Commissioners, notice is published and copies of the notice are mailed to all affected property owners, allowing a period of protest and the opportunity for public hearing and testimony. If protest from over 50% of property owners is received, the process halts; otherwise, the RID is created.

At this point the County begins collecting RID payments, via property taxes, that are entered into a separate account designated only for payment of services identified in the RID’s resolution.

RIDs can be similar in function to an HOA; however, the County provides oversight through tax assessment and the coordination of services.  Designated property owners within each RID are responsible for collaborating with the County to monitor funds and plan for work.

Rural growth within Lewis and Clark County, primarily across the Helena Valley, has prompted a huge surge in the development of Rural Improvement Districts. What began as an innovative way to provide road improvements and maintenance to County residents has grown into a program all of its own. Currently, Lewis and Clark County manages over 100 RIDs. These include districts for road improvements and maintenance, fire suppression, lighting, parks, flood mitigation, and more.  

With the current population density and projected growth, the Public Works Department has invested in two new employee positions to manage the program. Jessica Makus, Special Districts Program Coordinator, and Calob Marquis, Rural Improvement District Construction Coordinator, have come on board to manage existing RIDs and assist the public with the development of new RIDs. They join long-time County employee, Jesse Whitford, in what has become a new team working to improve services to residents.

With this additional capacity, the goals are to provide better service to existing RIDs, improve public outreach, update policies for more efficient management, and develop long-term maintenance plans for RIDs moving forward. Long-term planning will enable staff to work with residents on comprehensive maintenance schedules to look at the lifetime of the improvements, rather than just focusing on today’s needs. This approach will enable the County to better coordinate construction projects and services such as plowing and grading, efforts that will save both time and money.

More information on RIDs can be found online at

Falls Creek: Something greater than all of us

Now open to the public, the Falls Creek Project provides access to over 26,000 acres of National Forest.

Words, images, things, places and people all mean something different to each of us. When you hear “Montana,” what does that invoke in YOU? Sunsets that take your breath away, fading behind the mountains after a long day on the dusty trail? A cup of coffee on a cool mountain morning as elk bugle on a distant hillside? Wide-open spaces, babbling streams and meadows of wildflowers every color of the rainbow? Many that reside in Lewis and Clark County, Montana cherish these things, our public lands and wild places.

Recently, Lewis and Clark County had the opportunity to take part in something greater than any individual or organization. On a bluebird day in late August, people mingled in a grassy field surrounded by towering mountains to celebrate. The Dearborn River ran nearby and people gathered. Forest Service personnel in their recognizable green. Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks game wardens on horseback, leading pack strings of mules. Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation and other non-profit representatives with cameras. Lewis and Clark County staff, politicians, reporters, friends and neighbors making small talk.  All were there for one great cause: the Falls Creek Project.

As the event kicked off, the theme was consistent: partnerships and public access. A culmination of foresight, vision, collaboration, fund-raising and action. According to the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation, the “442-acre acquisition is a testament to a historic cooperative effort between a willing and generous landowner, Dan Barrett, Helena-Lewis and Clark National Forest, Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation, Lewis and Clark County and multiple other private and public partners.”

Adjacent to 26,000 acres of National Forest, the acquisition allows for better access to hunting, camping, hiking, fishing and enjoyment of the incredible views.

Looking back a decade to November 2008, voters in Lewis and Clark County approved the Land, Water, and Wildlife bond measure, a $10 million general obligation bond to protect rivers, streams, and groundwater, conserve working farm, ranch and forestland, protect wildlife areas and preserve open lands and natural areas for recreation and growth management.

While the County Commissioners have final say in which projects to fund, a Citizens Advisory Committee plays a large role in the approval process.

The Citizens Advisory Committee requires each project to have a sponsor. Sponsors include non-profit organizations such as the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation, Prickly Pear Land Trust, Trust for Public Land, Montana Land Reliance, Blackfoot Challenge, The Nature Conservancy, The Conservation Fund, and Five Valleys Land Trust. Sponsors also include other government agencies such as the United States Forest Service, Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 

In the case of the Falls Creek Project, the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation recognized the incredible opportunity to obtain this land and transfer it to the public, via the Forest Service. In 2018, the project came to the attention of Lewis and Clark County for consideration of Land, Water, and Wildlife bond money.  

In fall 2018, the Lewis and Clark County Commissioners visited the site. At this juncture, the project was gaining steam and RMEF was actively seeking funding opportunities. Partners would eventually include the Helena-Lewis and Clark National Forest, Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Montana Fish and Wildlife Conservation Trust, Mule Deer Foundation, Great Falls Chapter of SCI, The Conservation Fund, Bass Pro Shops and Cabela’s, The Conservation Alliance and numerous private donors, as well as the Lewis and Clark County Open Lands Program via the bond.

Fast forward to spring 2019 and the Board of County Commissioners opened a 30-day public comment period on the proposal, with unanimous support in favor of funding the project. RMEF had continued funding efforts, but to open the land to the public by hunting season, an additional $1.4 million was needed. Due to the overwhelming show of support from organizations and the public, the Commissioners voted to approve the balance.

The project met many criteria set forth by the Citizens Advisory Council in the Open Lands Program Guide, including:

  • Protecting habitat for fish and wildlife
  • Protecting water resources and water quality
  • Preserving open lands and natural areas
  • Providing public access and opportunities for recreation.

Falls Creek was the 13th project funded by the bond.

As that August day wound down with lunch and a hike to the falls on Falls Creek, it was obvious to all this was money well spent.

Story Map of the Lewis and Clark County Open Lands Program

Augusta flood solutions are complicated

Staring at the grizzly tracks on Elk Creek Road, Lewis and Clark County staff assessed the damage caused by the Memorial Day 2019 flooding in and around Augusta. No longer in its historical channel, Elk Creek now runs down Elk Creek Road and down the west side of Elk Creek bridge #5 just past the Krause homestead. The creek is running to the bridge from three directions, creating a head scratcher for those involved in repairs. Originally scheduled to be replaced this summer, installing a new bridge is now a moot point until the bigger issue is solved: how to get Elk Creek Road open at all.

There is no simple solution. The stream simply did what an alluvial stream naturally does. Over time, it picks up rocks and sediment as it moves down the mountain, then drops it out of the water column as the creek hits flatter ground and slows. Over time, the creek floods and moves because that is what creeks and rivers do. Geological time may seem stagnant to us, but in reality, the rivers and mountains around us are constantly changing.

Elk Creek Road leads to the Helena-Lewis and Clark National Forest Elk Creek Trailhead and hundreds of thousands of acres of public land. There are no permanent residences past bridge #5, only a handful of seasonal cabins and private property along the way. The dirt road is a county road, determined long ago in the annals of the County.

There are seven bridges along the road, all maintained by the County per State statute. Two brand new bridges sit waiting to replace the current #5 and #6 bridges. Number 7 washed out in last year’s flood and a temporary water crossing was put in place until a new bridge could be installed. That is now on hold. It is not known if a similar temporary crossing can be put in place at the #5 bridge since the creek now runs down the road.

This is the second year in a row the Augusta area experienced a “hundred year flood event.” This means in any given year, there is a 1% chance of a flood of this magnitude. According to residents, prior to 2018 the last large flood occurred in the early 1970’s, but the 2018 and 2019 floods have been some of the worst.

Lewis and Clark County Commissioner Susan Good Geise, an Augusta resident herself, has watched her friends, neighbors, family and co-workers cope as land, buildings, roads and bridges are swept downstream. As a Commissioner, she understands all too well the impacts to the County as it works to keep public infrastructure open. Geise’s husband runs cows and they have watched 30 years of his land improvements wash away. Twice. He knows his life-long friends are equally affected.

Geise concluded more needs done, and in less than a month, initiated a task force to look comprehensively at Elk Creek, Smith Creek, Goss Creek and Ford Creek and the properties they run through, to hopefully mitigate some of the effects of these flood events.

The Lewis and Clark Conservation District has taken the lead on the efforts, and State agencies, private business, landowners and other stakeholders will be at the table. Coordinating, not duplicating efforts is the goal. There is no single solution, but ideally, a starting point will be a hydrological study of Elk Creek to gather data on its status. The Conservation District hopes to secure a Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation grant to pay for the study and the goal is to begin fall 2019. From there, it will take collaboration, ingenuity and money to determine some viable solutions.

Meanwhile, crews continue to repair the roads and bridges in the area and take a comprehensive look at Elk Creek Road and its bridges. The solution and timeline is unknown; however, Lewis and Clark County will continue to work hard to help its Augusta community.

We want you to know what we’re doing!

Lewis and Clark County seeks to maintain a culture of transparency and communication amongst its staff and elected officials to the public. We want our residents to know what is going on and what we are doing. We want involvement and feedback because it matters.

There are many tools in the “communications toolbox” and this blog aims to be one more to add to the mix. In today’s world, people receive information in many ways. We work with reporters so they have accurate information; we meet with people; we have a website and Facebook pages; elected officials and staff are spreading the word at the Board of County Commissioner meetings and elsewhere when appropriate.

The bottom line is that communicating to you what your local government is doing matters to us, just as it should matter to you. We hope you enjoy and find informative the stories and information we post on this blog.